Yamhill County developed this web site for the Community Corrections practitioner, the general public and family members of inmates releasing to Yamhill County. There are two primary objectives:
- Provide an overview of the Yamhill County reentry process
- Outline resources and services available in Yamhill County
The process of “Reach-In” begins with a designated person from contacting Yamhill County Community Corrections the offender prior to their release from prison or jail. The purpose is to develop a solid release plan and coordinate resources in order to make the individual’s release to the community successful.
Yamhill County is semi-rural in nature with a 2008 population of approximately 99,000. There are 36 counties within the state with a total felony population of 35,000. The Yamhill County felony population is approximately 2.15 % of the entire total felony population. Yamhill County operates one fulltime office in McMinnville, Oregon, the county seat of Yamhill County. Two part-time substations are operated in Newberg and Sheridan, Oregon. Yamhill County Community Corrections employs 13 Probation/Parole Officers, as well as support staff and management to ensure smooth daily operations.
Yamhill County has one jail facility and houses both felony and misdemeanor offenders. Felony offenders receiving prison sentences of one year or less serve their prison time and are released from this facility to Post-Prison Supervision.
Yamhill County has two larger cities of 20,000 + (Newberg) and 30,000+ (McMinnville); 80% White, 14% Hispanic, 1.5% Native American, 1.3% Asian, and 1.1% Black. Corrections Population: 2/10 statistics = 683 felons, 472 misdemeanors; 842 probationers, 181 PPS/BRD and 91 PPS/LC, 7 Parole.
Oregon’s Model for Post-Prison Supervision
In 1997 a new law was adopted as a result of Senate Bill 1145. This bill outlined some major changes in how supervision for offenders would be delivered. Essentially, incarceration, release planning, Post-Prison supervision orders and sanctioning would be a county responsibility those offenders sentenced to 12 months or less. The county designated a Supervisory Authority who by definition operates corrections supervision services, custodial facilities or both. In Yamhill County, the County Sheriff and Director of Community Corrections are designated by the County Commissioners as joint Supervisory Authorities.
Those felony offenders sentenced to more than 12 month are the responsibility of the Department of Corrections. Those offenders are incarcerated in a state prison and prison release counselors are responsible for developing their release plans. The Board of Parole and Post-Prison Supervision is the Releasing Authority and designates conditions of supervision specific to an offender.
Yamhill County’s Commitment to Reach In and Successful Re-entry
In 2007, Yamhill County Community Corrections committed to working more closely with the Oregon Department of Corrections Transition Services and to meet with inmates releasing to Yamhill County three to six months prior to their release date. Some inmates who are viewed as higher risk or need are sometimes seen up to one year prior to their release. Studies have consistently demonstrated that offenders who are successful in the community during the first three months following release have a better chance of successfully completing supervision. The Prison Transition Coordinator normally meets face-to-face or via phone (Eastern Oregon Prisons) with offenders in order to assist them in developing an individualized transition plan. Issues which are covered include, housing resources, employment, treatment needs, medications, family support and several other factors. The assigned Parole Officer completes a home investigation prior to release to ensure the proposed residence is viable. The Prison Transition Coordinator may contact family members or treatment agencies providing support upon release. The Director and Prison Transition Coordinator are also members and participants in the statewide Prison Transition Network.
How Is Reach In Different?
The Reach In process was developed to assist offenders in developing the best release plan available. Offenders often do not focus on community release plans while serving prison time. The face-to-face prison meeting with the county Prison Transition Coordinator changes this dynamic and forces the inmate to start thinking outside the prison walls. The coordinator is familiar and conversant regarding the services and challenges the offender will face in their respective communities. The process also reduces tension, fear and frustration for the offender, particularly those who been incarcerated for some time. The Prison Transition Coordinator also acts as a link between the assigned Parole Officer and the offender’s family. Family members are encouraged to ask questions and to interact with the Prison Transition Coordinator. The Prison Transition Coordinator is able to determine what needs the offender will have following release and to prioritize those offenders who special needs or require close supervision. Linkage with outside agencies such as substance abuse treatment programs or mental health programs are started prior to the inmates release from prison if a need is identified. Those offenders who are involved in prison-based inpatient treatment programs are directly linked with the community treatment program and often have appointments with those agencies within one to three days following release.
Services Available to Transitioning Offenders
Offenders who have a history of substance abuse and will have Post-Prison conditions requiring treatment following release are normally referred to the Yamhill County Chemical Dependency program
Other private treatment resources are also available: Better Choices Counseling Services and Acadia NW. Those offenders who require mental health treatment are referred to the Yamhill County Mental Health Department. There are several Domestic Violence (DV) treatment providers. The PO of record will make referrals for DV treatment once the offender is supervised in the community.
Yamhill County also operates a Day Management Center which is located one block from the main department office. This program is ideally suited to those offenders being released from prison. The primary focus of this program is employment. Staff are aware of those employers who are “felon friendly,” thus allowing offenders to focus on applying with employers open to hiring felons. Offenders attend classes geared towards finding employment and presenting themselves to a potential employer. They are provided with a one week job “tryout,” where a specific employer allows the offender to work and then provides critical feedback as to how to improve their job skills. The DMC also provides a clothing room, as many offender are released from prison with no clothing. The center also can provide a haircut and grooming tips to assist the offender in making themselves more presentable to the employer. Cognitive based treatment and education programs also occur at the DMC. Finally, the DMC provides a location where offenders can provide daily “employment logs” and gain support as to their efforts to find employment.
Some offenders have no family support upon release and must rely on subsidized housing. In Yamhill County, Community Corrections has contracted with two programs for subsidized housing. Thugz Off Drugs and a local Oxford House provide clean and sober housing for those offenders without other housing options. Sex offenders are not eligible for either of the above subsidized housing programs due to agreements with the community. Sex offenders are offered housing in the county’s Work Release Program. They are not considered inmates, however are expected to follow program rules and are in the community up to 12 hours per day to seek employment, attend treatment or meet with their Parole Officer.
Home for Good is a state-wide network of community chaplains and coordinators who assist released inmates fashion crime-free lives. The program was started in 2002 and links offenders with jobs, housing, churches, mentoring or more. Sometimes an inmate’s need may be simple upon release, such as a bicycle to look for work and basic transportation. The Yamhill County Home For Good community Chaplain provides these needs and more, including a spiritual link to their community at the inmates request.
Hope Reentry Services
Hope Reentry Services is a 501 ( c.) 3, non profit, faith-based corporation that provides a wide range of supporting services to men and women who have recently been released from jail or prison. Services that are available include: housing assistance, transportation, bicycles, medication, clothing and utility assistance. Hope Reentry Services works closely with the McMinnville Community Compassion Network, which coordinates the efforts of a number of faith-based services providers.
Circles of Support and Accountability
The Yamhill County Community Chaplain also coordinates a COSA program for former inmates released to the community. Community mentors are assigned to meet with those under community supervision in order to assist them in remaining accountable to the conditions of supervision and community standards.
McMinnville Adult Community Church
McMinnville has an adults-only church services to serve the spiritual and social needs of those offenders who are prohibited from having contact with minors via special conditions of their Post-Prison Supervision orders.
McMinnville Community Compassion Fund (CCF)
The CCF is a second tier assistance program for those, who, for whatever reason, cannot be assisted through the main social services. The program offers limited rental and deposit assistance, no-narcotic prescriptions (must have printed quote from WalMart or Virginia Garcia), hygiene items, utilities, bus passes and other emergencies for daily living. The client is required to apply in person and only during office hours.
Community Compassion Fund of McMinnville Cooperative Ministries
544 NE 2nd Street, McMinnville, Oregon 97128
Office Hours: M-W 9:30a.m. to 12:30p
Eligibility: Living in Yamhill County, with the exception of Newberg
Yamhill County 211
Dialing 211 is an easy method to located health and human services in the Yamhill County and in NW Oregon and SW Washington region. This web site is constantly being updated and is a good starting point for locating needed resources. The internet web site is: www.yamhill211.org/.
Health Care Safefy Net Clinics are community-based providers who offer health services to low-income people, including insurance. Most safety net patients are OHP enrollees, the uninsured, and other vulnerable Oregonians who pay a sliding fee for primary care services. Primary care services include, but are not limited to:
- Urgent care
- Acute and Chronic disease treatment
- Services based on local community need (mental health, dental, and vision)
- Preventive care
- Well Childcare
- Enabling services (translation/interpretation, case management, transportation, and outreach)
Federally Qualified Health Centers:
Virginia Garcia Memorial Health Center
115 NE May Lane
McMinnville, Oregon 97128
Oregon’s Partnership Between Counties and the Oregon Department of Corrections
Oregon’s Governor, Ted Kulongoski established an executive order instructing a council to produce coordinated approaches to assist released inmates as they reintegrate into society. This order comes after progress made through the Oregon Department of Corrections “Transition Project” which has been active for several years and has made substantial progress towards re-entry processes. The Re-Entry Council will consist of 19 members including the Governor and other Department level heads who will focus on creating a common vision for transition and re-entry of offenders upon release, including:
- Reviewing existing policies and practices, with specific recommendations for improvement, including such as institutional case planning, institutional transition planning and preparation, information sharing, the continuum of services following release, housing and employment with specific recommendations for improvement;
- Coordinating state re-entry initiative across Oregon;
- Removing barriers that impede successful transition and reintegration; and
- Recommending changes in funding to support reformed transition process.
This statewide leadership group has the ability to collaboratively on improving the success and safety of incarceration to community transition. The council shall define state level performance goals and create a system for measuring state level performance. The council shall develop system-wide agreement on what is to be accomplished at the state level as a result of improving the prison to community transition.
The decision of the Governor to implement this council has, in some part, been driven by the work between the Oregon Department of Corrections and the Oregon Association of Community Corrections Directors. These groups have worked in collaboration to overcome internal systems problems and barriers. Following please find written material submitted by Heidi Stewart, Oregon Department of Corrections Program Manager.
In keeping with the department’s mission of “holding offenders accountable to their actions and reducing the risk of future criminal behavior,” the Oregon Department of Corrections (ODOC) embarked on a project to increase the rate of successful offender transition into the community.
A steering committee was formed and charged with providing direction for the project. The steering committee comprised ODOC employees from every division as well as members from the county community corrections offices, the Board of Parole and Post Prison Supervision, sheriffs, victims’ advocates, and other state and local agencies. Planning efforts identified key issues interfering with successful inmate reentry and components that are necessary for successful transition to occur.
One of the necessary components identified was “reach-in” by Community Corrections staff prior to inmates releasing. Historically, the ODOC system did not allow field staff easy access into the institution: county ID cards were not accepted; ODOC ID cards were not easy to obtain; Community Corrections staff had to be escorted at all times; and there was no sense of partnership between ODOC staff and county community corrections. Community Corrections staff simply did not want to deal with the ODOC barriers nor did they see value to the reach-in process.
Today, as a matter of practice, many Oregon counties reach-in prior to inmates releasing. This is able to occur because, in partnership, barriers to reach-in were identified and addressed. ODOC modified its Facility Access rule to allow Community Corrections staff to enter the institution by using their county ID and not requiring them to go through metal detector. Once Community Corrections staff are familiar with the institution, they may enter the institution without an escort. Although much progress has been made, there are still areas for improvement. A large issue remaining is that institutions have not consistently implemented changes. To assist in solving the issue, ODOC is modifying the Facility Access rule again in order to provide more clarity to the institutions.
Institution staff now see Community Corrections staff as a partner in reentry and welcome reach-in. In addition, Community Corrections staff have realized the value of reach-in. One Oregon County found that abscond rates dropped approximately 14% for offenders just released from prison and reporting for the first time.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why can’t an inmate release to any county to which they wish to reside?
What is required for an inmate to transfer to another state upon release?
Why can an inmate have visits and contacts with certain people while in prison and then be denied contact following release?
What should I expect as far as Parole Officer contact if I provide a residence to an inmate following release to the community?
What requirements will the offender have for reporting should they have an ICE detainer and be deported upon release from prison?
What if the offender is transported to another state via a hold or detainer following release?
Why can’t an inmate release to any county to which they wish to reside?
Some years ago a law was passed that requires that an inmate return to their last county of supervision, or where they committed their crime if they were not previously under supervision. Institutional release counselors have specific guidelines as to what the county of release should be. Inmates may move to another county if they have family members in that county or a verifiable job. This is called a “waiver” and all proposed residence situations must be thoroughly investigated by a field Parole Officer in that county.
What is required for an inmate to transfer to another state upon release?
An agreement exists between all states for the transfer of supervised offenders or inmates from state-to-state. This agreement is called the Interstate Compact Agreement. All states are bound by this agreement. The inmate or community offender must demonstrate that their transfer to the other state will enhance their opportunity for success, if transferred. They must also have resources in the other state, typically stable family members who are willing to provide a residence and support. An investigation is sent by the sending state to the receiving state and a local Parole Officer completes a home visit and investigation to either approve/disapprove the residence. The inmate may leave for that state immediately upon release from incarceration if their move has been investigated and approved by the receiving state. Under no circumstances are they able to leave unless the residence has approved.
Why can an inmate have visits and contact with certain person while in prison and then be denied following release?
The inmate is required to follow all policies and rules in the prison/jail in which they are incarcerated. The rules may allow contact with certain persons. The inmate, following release, is provided with an Order of Post Prison Supervision with a list of general and special conditions to which they are required to follow. Some of those conditions may prohibit the offender from having contact with certain persons following release. For example, an inmate/offenders who has committed a crime for Domestic Violence may not be able to be involved in certain relationships with a person of the opposite sex until such time as they have completed a period of treatment and are approved for such contact by their Parole Officer. A sex offender may not be allowed contact with any minor, including a relative, until they are evaluated by a professional and a determination is made as to their risk factors.
What should I expect as far as Parole Officer contact if I provide a residence for an inmate following release to the community?
Offenders are classified by the Parole Officer following release via a standardized instrument used statewide. This assists the Parole Officer in deciding how much supervision is required. You should expect periodic unannounced home visits if an offender lives in your home. How much contact is required depends on what is occurring in the offender’s life and their level of supervision. The Parole Officer can explain the home visit process during their first visit to your home.
What requirements for reporting will the offender have should they at have an ICE detainer and are deported following release from prison?
In the event that the inmate has an ICE (immigrations hold) detainer at the time of their release, they are normally picked up by Federal authorities and may be deported. Should the inmate be deported they are legally under Post Prison Supervision until their release date; however are not expected to report to their Parole Officer unless they re-enter the USA illegally. The offender is expected to remain in the country to which they are deported unless given permission by immigration authorities to enter the USA. Once in the USA and available for supervision they should report for supervision.
What if they have a hold or detainer to another state following release?
In the event that an inmate has a hold from another state, they are normally transported to that county following release for resolution of the legal matter causing their hold or detainer. Once the legal issue is resolved and they are released to the community, they are required to report to the county of release.
Please contact Yamhill County Community Corrections at 503-434-7513 with any additional questions.
Child Support Services in Yamhill County Provided By:
Division of Child Support
4600 25th Avenue NE, Suite 180
Salem, OR 97301
Phone: (503) 986-2565
Fax: (503) 986-6147
Oregon Child Support Program